- Aptowitzer, Avigdor
- (1871-1942)Galician rabbinical scholar. He taught Talmud at the Hebrew Teachers College in Vienna from 1919 until 1938, when he settled in Jerusalem. He published studies on various aspects of rabbinic literature and Jewish history.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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APTOWITZER, VICTOR — (Avigdor; 1871–1942), rabbinic scholar. Aptowitzer was born in Tarnopol, Galicia, and studied at the University and the Jewish Theological Seminary of Vienna where, from 1909 to 1938, he taught biblical exegesis, aggadah, and religious philosophy … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SIMḤAH BEN SAMUEL OF SPEYER — (second half of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century), German scholar. He may have been a descendant of Judah ha Kohen, author of the Sefer ha Dinim (see Aptowitzer). Simḥah was one of the rabbis and dayyanim of the Speyer bet din… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AGGADAH or HAGGADAH — (Heb. הַגָּדָה, אַגָּדָה; narrative ), one of the two primary components of rabbinic tradition, the other being halakhah, usually translated as Jewish Law (see: kadushin , The Rabbinic Mind, 59f.). The term aggadah itself is notoriously difficult … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ELIEZER BEN SAMUEL OF VERONA — (early 13th century), Italian tosafist. Eliezer was a pupil of Isaac b. Samuel of Dampierre (Roke aḥ 377) and the teacher of avigdor b. elijah Kohen Ẓedek of Vienna. He was a colleague of eleazar b. judah of Worms and of Abraham b. Moses of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
VIENNA — VIENNA, capital of austria . Documentary evidence points to the first settlement of Jews in the 12th century. The first Jew known by name is shlom (Solomon), mintmaster and financial adviser to Duke Leopold V. The community possessed a synagogue… … Encyclopedia of Judaism